Basic Ido-English

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

S

T

U

V

W

Y

Z

A

a: (= ad) (prep.) to
-ab-: (verbal suffix: see grammar)
abandon-ar: to abandon, forsake
abon-ar: to subscribe to (a periodical, etc.)
absent-a: absent
absolut-a: absolute, unrestricted
absorb-ar: to absorb; (fig.) engross
absurd-a: absurd, preposterous
acend-ar: to light (a lamp, a fire), set alight; (fig.) inflame (passion)
acens-ar: (tr./intr.) to go up, ascend, mount
acept-ar: to accept; receive (a guest)
aces-ar: to have access to
-ach-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
acident-o: accident (good or bad; also philos.); mishap
ad: (= a) (prep.) to
-ad-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ad-en: into
ad-junt-ar: to add, join (something to something else)
ad-ver-e: in truth
ad-vok-ar: to hail, call (to)
adapt-ar: (tr.) to adapt
adi-ar: to make farewell
adicion-ar: (tr.) to add (numbers)
adjektiv-o: adjective
administr-ar: to administer, manage
admir-ar: to admire
admis-ar: to admit (let in)
adopt-ar: to adopt (opinion, belief, child); agree upon
adres-o: address (on letter etc)
adult-a: adult
adverb-o: adverb
advokat-o: lawyer, barrister, advocate
aer-o: air
aeroplan-o: aircraft, aeroplane, (US) airplane
afabl-a: affable, amiable
afer-o: affair, matter; business
Afrik-a: Africa
-ag-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ag-ar: (tr./intr.) to do, act
agnosk-ar: to acknowledge, admit
agost-o: August
agr-o: field, piece of ground
agreabl-a: agreeable, pleasant
-aj-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
akompan-ar: to accompany (also mus.), escort
aktiv-a: active
aktor-o: actor, actress
aktual-a: existing now, current, actual
akut-a: sharp, acute (also fig. of sound, pain, sickness, accent)
akuz-ar: to accuse
al: (= a la) to the
-al-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
al-o: wing (also fig. of aeroplane, army, building, windmill, etc.)
alberg-o: inn
alfabet-o: alphabet
alonge: alongside, along
alt-a: high (dimension, sound or pressure), tall
alternativ-o: alternative
altr-a: other, another
altr-u: another person
am-ar: to love, like very much
am-o: love
Amerik-a: America (the continent)
amas-o: mass, pile, heap
amator-o: amateur
amb-a: both
ambigu-a: ambiguous
amik-o: friend
amuz-ar: to amuse, entertain
an: (prep.) at, on (indicates contiguity, juxtaposition)
-an-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ancien-a: old (opposite of new)
Angl-a: English
Angli-a: England
angul-o: angle, corner
animal-o: animal
ank-e, ank: (adv.) also
ankor-e, ankor: (adv.) still, yet
ankor-foy-e: again
anorak-o: anorak
ante: (prep.) before (of time), earlier than
ante nun: ago
ante-a: former, previous
anticip-ar: to anticipate
antiqu-a: antique, ancient, of a former epoch
anunc-ar: to announce
apar-ar: to appear
aparat-o: apparatus
*apark-ar: to park
apart-a: apart, separate
apartament-o: apartment, flat
aparten-ar: to belong
apen-e, apen: (adv.) hardly, scarcely
apert-ar: (tr.) to open
aplast-ar: to crush, squash; (fig.) oppress
aplaud-ar: to applaud
aplik-ar: to apply (also fig.), lay on
apog-ar: (tr.) to support, prop (up); base (one thing on another)
april-o: April
aprob-ar: (tr.) to approve of
apt-a: apt, suitable
apud: (prep.) next to, beside
apud-a: adjacent
apunt-ar: (tr.) to aim at (with a camera, gun etc.)
aqu-o: water
aquir-ar: to acquire, get
-ar-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
Arab-a: Arabic
Arabi-a: Arabia
aranj-ar: to arrange
arbor-o: tree; axletree, shaft (revolving rod)
arbust-o: shrub, small bush
ardu-a: rugged; arduous, hard
are-o: area, extent of surface
arest-ar: to arrest
argument-ar: (intr.) to argue (a case, using reason)
-ari-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ariv-ar: to arrive
arjent-o: silver
arm-o: weapon, arm
arme-o: army
armor-o: cupboard
art-o: art
artikl-o: article (newspaper, etc; grammar)
asert-ar: to assert (make an assertion, state as a fact)
asist-ar: (tr.) to attend (be present at)
askolt-ar: (tr.) to listen to
aspekt-ar: to look (like), appear (have an appearance)
aston-ar: to astonish, amaze
asum-ar: to assume, take on oneself (a responsibility), undertake (a duty)
atach-ar: to attach
atak-ar: to attack
atenc-ar: to pay attention to, heed
ating-ar: to attain, reach
atmosfer-o: atmosphere
-atr-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
atrakt-ar: to attract, draw
aud-ar: to hear
audac-ar: (tr.) to dare, be so bold as
augment-ar: (tr./intr.) to increase, augment
Australi-a: Australia
Austri-a: Austria
autobus-o: bus (vehicle)
automobil-o: car, motor-car, automobile
autor-o: author; (fig.) creator
autoritat-o: authority, legal or rightful power
autun-o: autumn, (US) fall (season)
av-o: grandparent
avan: (prep.) in front of, ahead of, before (in space)
avanc-ar: (tr./intr.) to advance (in space or time)
avantaj-o: advantage
avar-a: miserly, avaricious
aventur-o: adventure
avert-ar: (tr.) to give notice to or apprise (of a future event or possibility), warn
Azi-a: Asia

B

bagaj-o: luggage, baggage
bak-ar: (tr.) to bake
bald-e: (adv.) soon
baln-ar: (tr.) to bathe
balon-o: ball (hollow, air-filled); balloon
banan-o: banana
bank-o: bank (financial)
bar-ar: to bar, stop up (a way, a route)
barb-o: beard
barbeku-o: barbecue
bas-a: low (dimension, sound or pressure)
*basbal-o: baseball
basen-o: basin (pan; catchment area of river; geol.)
basketbal-o: basketball
baston-o: stick, staff; cudgel; cue; pole
bat-ar: to beat, strike repeatedly
batali-ar: (intr.) to battle
batel-o: boat
bateri-o: battery (elec.; milit.)
bay-o: bay (of sea)
baz-o: base (lowest part)(fig.) basis, foundation
bebe-o: baby
bel-a: fine, beautiful, handsome
belg-a: Belgian
Belgi-a: Belgium
bend-o: strip, stripe, band
benign-a: kind, benign; mild (of medicines, diseases)
benk-o: bench (long seat)
ber-o: berry
besti-o: beast, animal
beton-o: concrete (building material)
bezon-ar: to need
bibliotek-o: library (establishment); book-case
bicikl-o: bicycle
biliet-o: ticket, pass, written order
biologi-o: biology
bir-o: beer
biskuit-o: biscuit, (US) cookie
bitr-a: bitter (lit. & fig.)
blam-ar: to blame
blank-a: white; (fig.) blank
blind-a: blind
blok-o: block, lump
blond-a: blond, flaxen, fair-haired
blu-a: blue
bluz-o: blouse, smock
bok-o: mouth; opening, entrance (volcano, harbour, etc)
bol-o: bowl
boli-ar: (intr.) to boil
bomb-o: bomb
bon-a: good
bon-ven-ig-ar: to welcome
bonbon-o: sweet (confection)
bord-o: border, edge, brink, brim
bosk-o: (a) wood (trees)
bot-o: boot (for foot and leg), long boot
botel-o: bottle
bov-o: bull (bovulo) or cow (bovino)
braki-o: arm (anat.; fig.)
branch-o: branch (also geom., geneal.)
brav-a: brave
brik-o: brick
bril-ar: (intr.) to shine
Britani-a: (Great) Britain
bros-ar: to brush
bruis-ar: (intr.) to make a noise
brul-ar: (tr./intr.) to burn (also fig.)
brun-a: brown
bul-o: ball
burger: burger
burs-o: purse; wallet, (US) pocket book
butik-o: shop, store
buton-o: button
butr-o: butter
bux-o: box

C

ca: (=ica) this (adj.)
ced-ar: (tr.) to cede, yield, give up
cel-ar: (tr.) to hide, conceal, secrete
celebr-ar: to celebrate, commemorate
celul-o: cell
cent: hundred
centimetr-o: centimetre, (US) centimeter
centr-o: centre, (US) center (also fig.)
cereal-o: cereal, corn
cerebr-o: brain
ceremoni-ar: to have a ceremony, take part in a ceremony
cert-a: certain, sure
certen-a: a certain, a particular
ces-ar: (tr./intr.) to cease
chambr-o: room, chamber; house (of parliament)
champion-o: champion
chanc-o: chance, (good or bad) luck, likelihood
chanj-ar: (tr./intr.) to change
cha-o: ciao
chapel-o: hat (with a brim)
chapitr-o: chapter (of a book)
charj-ar: to load, lade, burden; load, charge
charm-ar: to charm, delight
chas-ar: to chase; hunt
che: (prep.) at, in, to (someone in his or her house, home or place), with (a people, in respect of their customs)
chef-a: chief, leading
chef-o: leader, chief, head
chef-urb-o: chief town, capital
chek-o: cheque, (US) check (financial)
cher-a: costly, dear, expensive
Chini-a: China
chip-a: cheap, inexpensive
ci: these (pron.)
ciel-o: sky; heaven
cienc-o: science
cirkl-o: circle
cirkond-ar: to surround
cirkonstanc-o: circumstance
cirkum: (prep.) about, around
co: (= ico) this (thing)

D

da: (prep.) by (indicates the doer of an action)
dal: (= da la) by the (indicating doer)
damzel-o: miss, maid (unmarried woman)
Dan-a: Danish
Dani-a: Denmark
danjer-o: danger, peril, jeopardy
dank-ar: to thank
dans-ar: (tr./intr.) to dance
darf-ar: to be permitted, may
dat-o: date (calendar)
de: (prep.) from (indicating starting point, origin or derivation); of (where an amount is indicated; e-g. ‘peco de pano’, ‘glaso de aquo’)
de-pos: (prep.) since
de-o: God, (a) god
deb-ar: to owe (something to someone), be under obligation
decembr-o: December
decens-ar: (tr./intr.) to descend, go down, move down
decept-ar: to disappoint
decid-ar: to decide, settle
defekt-o: defect, flaw
defens-ar: to defend
defi-ar: to defy, challenge, dare
defin-ar: to define, state the meaning of
dejun-ar: to (have) lunch
dejun-et-ar: to have breakfast
dek: ten
del: (= de la) from the
demand-ar: (tr.) to ask for
demand-o: request
demision-ar: to resign (from a position, office or job)
demolis-ar: to demolish
demonstr-ar: (tr.) to demonstrate (show by reason; make evident)
dens-a: dense, crowded; thick (of a liquid)
dent-o: tooth (also fig.)
depart-ar: (de) to depart (intr.)
depend-ar: (de; di) to depend (be influenced or determined; rely on for support)
deriv-ar: to derive (gram., math., etc)
des-: (pref.) (see list of prefixes)
des-apar-ar: to disappear
des-facil-a: difficult
des-kovr-ar: to discover, uncover
desegn-ar: to draw (sketch)
deskript-ar: to describe
destrukt-ar: to destroy
detal-o: detail
determin-ar: to determine, ascertain definitely, settle conclusively
dev-ar: to be obliged, have a duty
dev-as: ought, should, must (as an obligation)
dev-o: obligation, duty
develop-ar: (tr.) to develop
dextr-a: right (opposite of left)
dezert-a: deserted, desert
dezert-o: desert, wilderness
dezir-ar: to desire
di: (prep.) of (indicates possession or association)
di-o: day (of 24 hours)
dic-ar: to say, tell
difer-ar: to differ
difuz-ar: (tr.) to disperse, spread, diffuse
dik-a: thick
dil: (= di la) of the
diminut-ar: (tr./intr.) to lessen, decrease, diminish
din-a: thin (lean)
dine-ar: to dine, take the evening meal
direcion-o: direction (two-way), bearing (both ways)
direkt-ar: to direct, manage, conduct
diret-a: direct (opposite of indirect)
diret-e: directly, straight (adv.)
dis-: (prep.) (see list of prefixes)
disip-ar: to squander, waste, dissipate
diskut-ar: to discuss
dispers-ar: (tr.) to scatter, disperse
dispon-ar: have (something or someone) at one’s disposal; dispose of (deal with as one wishes)
disput-ar: (intr.) to quarrel, have a dispute
dist-ar: to be at a distance
dist-o: distance
distrakt-ar: to distract, divert attention of; (fig.) amuse
distribut-ar: to apportion, distribute, dispense
distrikt-o: district (area of jurisdiction)
diven-ar: to become, get (intr.)
diverg-ar: to diverge
divers-a: various, sundry, diverse
divid-ar: (tr.) to divide
divin-ar: to guess
doc-ar: to teach (something)
dolc-a: sweet, pleasant
dolor-ar: (intr.) to feel pain, hurt
dom-o: house (dwelling; building for a specific purpose)
domaj-ar: to damage, harm, impair, spoil
don-ar: to give (general sense)
donac-ar: to give (as a gift), donate
dop: (prep.) behind
dorm-ar: to sleep
dors-o: back (of body, hand etc)
drink-ar: to drink
drol-a: funny, humorous
dron-ar: (tr.) to drown
du: two
du-esm-a: second (adj.)
du-im-o: half (n.)
du-opl-a: double (adj.)
dubit-ar: (intr.) to doubt
dukt-ar: to lead
dum: (prep.) during
dum ke: (konj.) while, whilst
dum-e: (adv.) meanwhile, meantime
dur-ar: to last, continue, endure
durst-ar: to thirst

E

e: (= ed) and
-e-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
-ebl-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ecept-ar: to leave out, except, exclude
eces-ar: to exceed, be excessive
ecit-ar: to excite, arouse
ed: (= e) and
-ed-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
edit-ar: to publish (print and sell)
eduk-ar: to educate, bring up (people); rear, raise (animals, plants)
efac-ar: to erase, efface (also fig.)
efekt-o: effect
efik-ar: to be effectual
efik-iv-a: effective, efficacious
-eg-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
egal-a: equal
egal-es-o: equality
egard-ar: to pay regard to, take into account
Egipti-a: Egypt
ek: (prep.) out of (from), out from
el: (= elu) (pron.) she, her
elastik-a: elastic, springy
elekt-ar: to elect (someone by vote)
elektr-o: electricity
elev:.ar: to elevate, raise and set up
elu: (pron.) she, her
elu-a: her (possessive), hers
-em-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
emfaz-ar: to emphasize, stress
employ-ar: to employ (someone)
en: (prep.) in
en-ir-ar: to enter
en-ter-ig-ar: to bury, inter
-end-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
enemik-o: enemy, foe
energi-o: energy
engaj-ar: to engage, hire (someone), enlist (someone, milit.)
enigmat-o: puzzle, enigma
enoy-ar: be bored, feel dull, be weary (because of inaction or monotony)
entuziasm-ar: to enthuse (intr.), be enthusiastic
entuziasm-o: enthusiasm
envidi-ar: to envy, be envious of
equilibr-ar: to be in balance, be in a state of equilibrium; to balance, counterpoise
-er-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
-eri-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
erod-ar: (tr.) to erode
eror-ar: to err, be mistaken
es: (= es-as) am, is, are
-es-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
es-ar: to be
esforc-ar: to strive, endeavour, (US) endeavor
-esk-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
eskaler-o: staircase, stairs
eskap-ar: (tr./intr.) to escape (from), evade (someone or something)
eskarp-a: steep (of slopes)
eskombr-o: rubbish, refuse
-esm-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
esper-ar: (tr./intr.) to hope (for)
est-o: east
estim-ar: to esteem, hold in high regard
-et-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
etaj-o: storey, floor (of a building); tier
Europ-a: Europe
ev-ar: (tr./intr.) to be (some length of time) old, be aged (some length of time)
ev-o: age
event-ar: to happen, occur, come about
evident-a: obvious, evident
evit-ar: to avoid, evade, shun, obviate
exajer-ar: to exaggerate
exakt-a: accurate, exact (faithful to the facts), faithful (of a copy)
examen-ar: to examine (test someone)
exempl-o: example
exempler-o: copy (of a book, newspaper, etc)
exist-ar: to exist
exkav-ar: to excavate
exkluz-ar: to exclude, debar
exkuz-ar: to excuse (seek pardon for)
exkuz-ar su: to apologise
expekt-ar: to expect
experienc-ar: to experience
expert-a: expert (adj.)
explik-ar: to explain
explor-ar: to investigate, examine, explore, reconnoitre, (US) reconnoiter
exploz-ar: (intr.) to explode
expres-ar: to express (an idea, thought, feeling etc)
extens-ar: (tr.) to extend, stretch, spread
exter: (prep.) outside, (US) outside of; besides
exter-land-a: foreign, external (abroad)
exting-ar: (tr./intr.) to extinguish, put out, quench (also fig.)
extrem-a: extreme, utmost
-ey-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)

F

fab-o: bean
fabrik-ar: to manufacture
fac-ar: to make (an object); do (an act)
facil-a: easy (to do)
fair-o: fire (also fig.)
fak-o: (anything portioned off) compartment, branch, department, speciality, stall (in a stable)
fakt-o: fact
faktur-o: invoice, bill
fal-ar: to fall, fall down
fald-ar: (tr.) to fold
fali-ar: (tr./intr.) to fail, miss (an aim)(com.) become insolvent
fals-a: false, spurious
fam-o: fame
famili-o: family (also bot., zool.), kin
familiar-a: familiar
fang-o: mud, mire
farb-o: paint
farin-o: flour
fatig-ar: (tr.) to tire, fatigue, weary
favor-ar: to favour
febl-a: weak, feeble, feint
februar-o: February
felic-a: happy (of a person)
femin-a: female, feminine
fenc-o: fence
fend-ar: (tr.) to split, slit
fenestr-o: window
fer-o: iron
ferm-a: firm, steady (also fig.)
feroc-a: ferocious
fid-ar: (intr.) (ad ulu od ulo) to trust, have faith, have confidence
fidel-a: faithful, true, trusty
fier-a: proud
fil-o: thread; yarn; (metal-fil-o) wire
fili-o: child (son or daughter)
fili-in-o: daughter
fili-ul-o: son
fin-ar: (tr./intr.) to end, finish
fingr-o: finger; (ped-fingr-o) toe
firm-o: firm (commercial)
fish-o: fish
fit-ar: (intr.) to fit; suit (as to shape or size)
fix-a: fixed (of a star, look, idea, etc)
flak-o: puddle, small pool
flam-o: flame
flank-o: side (as distinct from front or back), breast (of ship), flank (of army)
flar-ar: to scent, smell (an odour, an object)
flav-a: yellow
fleg-ar: to nurse, care for (a child, a sick person)
flex-ar: (tr./intr.) to bend, bow
flor-o: flower, bloom
flotac-ar: (intr.) to float
flu-ar: to flow
flug-ar: (intr.) to fly
fluid-a: fluid
fluktu-ar: to move to and fro, fluctuate, waver (also fig.)
fluvi-o: (large) river (flowing into the sea)
fol-a: crazy, mad; (fig.) foolish
foli-o: leaf (plant or book), sheet (paper etc)
for: (prep.) away from, far from
for-a: remote, distant
for-e: (far) away
forc-o: force (mechanical)
forest-o: forest
fork-o: pitchfork or similar fork (also fig.)
fork-et-o: (table) fork
form-o: shape, form, conformation, (fig.) mode, appearance
formac-ar: to shape, form
formik-o: ant
forn-o: oven; kiln
forsan: (adv.) perhaps, maybe
fort-a: strong (also fig.)
fortun-o: good luck, good fortune
fortun-oz-a: lucky, fortunate
fos-o: pit, hole (in the ground)
fotograf-ar: to photograph
foy-o: time (in counting), occasion (in repetition), turn
frajil-a: fragile
Franc-a: French
Franci-a: France
frap-ar: to strike, hit, knock, slap
frat-o: brother or sister, sibling
frat-in-o: sister
frat-ul-o: brother
fraud-ar: to defraud, cheat
fraz-o: sentence (gram.), phrase (mus.)
fren-o: brake
fresh-a: fresh
frit-ar: (tr.) to fry
frivol-a: (of a person) frivolous; (of a thing) trifling, pointless
fromaj-o: cheese
front-o: forehead; (fig.) front
frost-ar: (intr.) to freeze
frot-ar: (tr.) to rub
fru-a: early (adj.)
frukt-o: fruit (also fig.)
fum-ar: (tr./intr.) to smoke
funcion-ar: to function (all senses), act (as)
fund-o: bottom, lowest part (of something hollow, of a vase, of a well, of a sea)(fig.) background
fundament-o: foundation, that on which anything rests, (fig.) basis
furi-ar: to be enraged or furious
furnis-ar: to furnish, provide or supply (something to someone)
furt-ar: to steal, thieve
fush-ar: (tr.) to botch, bungle
futbal-o: football (game)
futur-a: future
futur-o: future (also the tense)
fuz-ar: (tr.) to melt

G

gamb-o: leg
gan-ar: to gain, earn, win
gard-ar: to guard (persons); tend (animals)
garden-o: garden
gas-o: gas
gast-o: guest
gay-a: merry, gay, cheerful
gener-al-a: general (adj.), generic
genitor-o: parent
genu-o: knee
German-a: German
Germani-a: Germany
glaci-o: ice
glas-o: (drinking) glass, tumbler
glat-a: smooth, sleek
glit-ar: to glide, slide, slip
glut-ar: to swallow, gulp down (also fig.)
glutin-ar: (tr./intr.) to stick, paste, glue (together)
grad-o: step (of stairs); rank, grade; degree (temperature etc); degree (academic); size (of shoes etc)
grand-a: big, large, great
gras-o: fat, grease
grat-ar: to scrape (against), scratch (lightly)
gratitud-ar: (ulu pri ulo) to be grateful to
gratitud-oza: grateful
gratuit-a: free (of cost), gratuitous
gratul-ar: to congratulate
grav-a: heavy; (fig.) weighty, momentous, grave; (accent) grave
Grek-a: Greek
Greki-a: Greece
griz-a: grey, (US) gray
gros-a: bulky, fat, gross, thick
grup-o: group; clump (of trees); flock (of sheep)
guid-ar: to guide
gust-ar: (tr.) to taste (something)
gut-o: drop (of liquid)
guvern-ar: to govern (child, ship, in politics, grammar, machinery, etc), rule directly

H

ha!: ha!, ah!
habil-a: clever, skilful, adroit
habit-ar: to inhabit, live in (permanently)
hal-o: very large room, hall
halt-ar: (intr.) to halt, stop (in travel or movement)
han-o: fowl (hen, cock), chicken
har-o: (a single) hair (of a person’s head)
har-ar-o: hair (collectively, on a person’s head)
hard-a: hard (not soft)
hast-ar: (intr.) to hurry, hasten
hav-ar: to have (something)
hazard-o: chance occurrence, (hap)hazard
help-ar: to help, assist, aid
hem-o: home
herb-o: herbaceous plant, herb (bot.)(fig.) grass
hezit-ar: to hesitate, falter
hier-e: yesterday
hik-e: here
Hispan-a: Spanish
Hispani-a: Spain
histori-o: history
ho-di-e: today, this day
hobi-o: hobby
hok-o: hook
hola: hi, hello; hey
hom-o: human, man (human being)
honest-a: honest
honor-o: honour, (US) honor
hor-o: hour
horloj-o: clock, timepiece
hospital-o: hospital
hotel-o: hotel
humid-a: humid, damp, moist
humil-a: humble, meek
humor-o: temper, mood, humour, (US) humor (state of mind)
humur-o: humour, (US) humor (appreciation of the comic or ludicrous)
hund-o: dog
Hungari-a: Hungary
hungr-ar: to be hungry (also fig.)

I

ibe: (adv.) there
ica: (= ca) this (adj.)
ici: (= ci) these (pron.), these things
ico: (= co) this (pron.), this thing
-id-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ide-o: idea
-ig-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ig-ar: to make, cause, render
ignor-ar: to ignore, disregard, refuse to acknowledge, be ignorant of
il: (= ilu) he, him
-il-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ilu: he, him
ilu-a: his
-im-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
imagin-ar: to imagine
imaj-o: picture, image, visual representation
imit-ar: to imitate
imped-ar: to impede, hamper, hinder
imper-ar: to order (e-g. that something be done), command
import-ar: to matter, be important
imprim-ar: to print (a book, paper, etc)
-in-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
incit-ar: to incite, urge on
-ind-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
Indi-a: India
indij-ar: to lack, be in want of
indik-ar: to indicate, point out, denote
indolent-a: lazy, indolent, slothful
industri-o: industry
indut-ar: to coat (with paint, plaster etc), paint (a wall etc)
infant-o: infant (child under 7 years of age)
influ-ar: to influence
inform-ar: to inform
infr-a: lowest, bottom (of different levels)
infr-e: (adv.) at the bottom or lowest part
injenior-o: engineer
inklin-ar: (tr./intr.) to incline (phys., mental), lean; be disposed
inkluz-ar: to include, enclose, inclose
insekt-o: insect
insert-ar: to insert
insist-ar: to insist, be insistent
inspekt-ar: to inspect, examine, oversee
instant-o: instant, moment (of time)
instrukt-ar: to teach (someone), instruct
instrument-o: instrument
insul-o: island, isle
insult-ar: to insult
inteligent-a: intelligent
intenc-ar: to intend, have in view
intenc-o: intent, intention
intens-a: intense
inter: (prep.) between; among
inter-nacion-a: international
interdikt-ar: to prohibit, forbid
interes-ar: to interest
intern-a: internal, inner, interior, inside
introdukt-ar: to introduce (someone or something)
inund-ar: (tr.) to flood, overflow
invent-ar: to invent
invit-ar: to invite
ips-a: selfsame, myself, yourself, himself, herself, itself, ourselves, yourselves, themselves (used for emphasis immediately after a pronoun)
ir-ar: to go (be on one’s way)
irac-ar: (kontre) to be angry
irg-a: any (whatever)
irg-o: anything (whatever)
irg-u: anyone at all
irg-ube: wherever
irga-lok-e: anywhere
irge-kande: whenever, no matter when
Irland-o: Ireland
-ism-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
-ist-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
ita: (= ta) that, those (adj.)
Itali-a: Italy
iter-ar: to do again, repeat (an action), iterate
iti: (= ti) those (pron.), those ones
ito: (= to) that (pron.), that thing
-iv-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)
-iz-: (suf.) (see list of suffixes)

J

ja: already
jac-ar: to lie (on something)
jaluz-a: jealous
januar-o: January
Japoni-a: Japan
jar-o: jar (container)
jen-ar: to discomfort, incommode, inconvenience
jeneroz-a: generous
jet-ar: to throw
jok-ar: to joke, jest, banter
jorn-o: daytime, day (opposite of night)
jovdi-o: Thursday
joy-ar: to be joyful, be glad
joy-o: joy
ju-ar: to enjoy
judik-ar: to judge (general, not legal sense), deem
juli-o: July
juni-o: June
junt-ar: (tr.) to join (place one thing in contact with another)
jup-o: skirt; kilt
jurnal-o: newspaper, gazette, journal
jus: (adv.) just, just now (e-g. il jus arivis = he’s just arrived)
just-a: right, proper, correct (of measure, time, word, thought etc)
juvel-o: jewel

K

ka, kad: whether, if; (also used at the beginning of a sentence to turn it into a question)
kabl-o: cable
kafe-o: coffee (substance or drink)
kalendari-o: calendar
kalkul-ar: to calculate
kalm-a: calm (of objects; fig. of persons), still, placid
kalz-o: stocking
kam: (adv.) than, as, to (in comparison)
kambi-ar: to exchange (money, goods), barter
kamer-o: camera
kamion-o: lorry, dray, (US) truck
kamiz-o: shirt; chemise
kamp-ar: to camp out, encamp
kampus-o: campus
Kanad-a: Canada
kanal-o: canal; channel (of water)
kancer-o: cancer
kand-e, kand: when
kandi-o: candy, candied sugar
kandidat-o: candidate
kanson-o: (a) song
kant-ar: to sing
kap-o: head (anat. & fig.)
kapabl-a: capable, able
kapitan-o: captain
kapt-ar: to capture, catch
kar-a: dear (showing affection)
karakter-o: character (distinctive quality)
kardigan-o: cardigan
karg-ar: to load (goods)
karier-o: carreer
karn-o: flesh; meat
karot-o: carrot (plant & root)
kart-o: card
karton-o: cardboard
kastel-o: castle
kasquet-o: cap (with a peak)
kat-o: cat
kategori-o: category
katen-o: chain (pr. & fig.)
kaud-o: tail (also fig.)
kaul-o: cabbage
kauz-o: cause (of an event)
kav-a: hollow, sunken
kaval-o: horse; (in chess) knight
kavalk-ar: to ride (as on a horse)
kaz-o: case (all senses: jur., gram., med. & general, except casing)
ke: (konj.) that (see also: dum ke, pro ke, etc)
kegl-o: skittle
kegl-o-lud-o: bowling
kelk-a: some (of), a few (of), a little (of)
kemi-o: chemistry
kest-o: packing case, box, chest (of tea, soap, etc.), case (of wine, etc.)
kin: five
*kind-o: child (see also: infanto, puero)
kirk-o: church (building)
kis-ar: to kiss
klam-ar: (tr.) to shout, exclaim
klar-a: clear (to sight or hearing)(fig.) plain, evident
klas-o: class (all senses)
klef-o: key (for a lock; also fig.)
klem-ar: to tighten, clench (e-g., screw, knot, brake, joint, hand)
klim-ar: to climb (up)
klok-o: (of time) o’clock, hour on the clock
klosh-o: bell (also anything bell-shaped)
klov-o: nail (metal)
kloz-ar: (tr.) to shut, close
klub-o: club (social)
koakt-ar: to compel, force, coerce
kofr-o: trunk, coffer, large chest
koincid-ar: (kun) to coincide (in form or in time)
kol-o: neck (anat. & fig.)
kold-a: cold (pr. & fig.)
kolekt-ar: (tr.) to collect, gather together
koli-ar: (tr.) to pluck (fruits, flowers, etc)
kolin-o: hill
kolor-o: colour, (US) color
kom: (prep.) as (being), in the capacity of (e-g. ‘la arboro komencis kom semino’ = the tree began as a seed)
kom-o: comma (in text)
kombat-ar: (tr./intr.) to fight
kombin-ar: (tr.) to combine
komenc-ar: (tr./intr.) to begin, start, commence
komend-ar: to order (goods, etc)
koment-ar: (tr.) to comment on
komerc-ar: (intr.) to trade, deal
komerc-o: trade, commerce
komfort-o: comfort
komik-a: comic, ludicrous
komod-o: chest of drawers, commode (of drawers)
kompan-o: companion
kompani-o: company (business, military)
kompar-ar: (tr.) to compare
kompat-ar: (tr./intr.) to pity, commiserate (with), be compassionate
kompat-o: pity, compassion, mercy
komplet-a: complete
komplik-ar: to complicate
kompoz-ar: to put together, compound (make by combining parts), compose (not in printing)
kompr-ar: to buy, purchase
kompren-ar: to understand
kompres-ar: to squeeze, compress
komun-a: common (pertaining to several), joint
komunik-ar: (tr./intr.) to communicate, impart; be connected by passage
koncern-ar: to relate or belong to, concern (relate to)
koncern-o: concern, affair
konci-ar: to be conscious of, be aware of
koncienc-o: conscience
kondut-ar: to behave (in some manner), conduct oneself
kondut-o: behaviour, conduct
konekt-ar: to connect (one thing with another, mechanically or electrically)
konfund-ar: (… kun; ad) to confuse (things in one’s mind), muddle (in one’s mind)
konjuncion-o: conjunction (gram., astr.)
konkord-ar: (intr.) to agree, be in agreement, be concordant
konkurs-ar: to compete (in a competition, such as when a prize or honour is offered)
konoc-ar: to know (be acquainted with)
konsent-ar: to agree (to something or with someone), consent
konsider-ar: to consider, think carefully about
konsil-ar: to advise, counsel
konsist-ar: (ek, ye) to consist, be composed (of)
konstituc-ar: to constitute, form
konstrukt-ar: to build, construct
konsult-ar: to consult (someone or something)
konsum-ar: to consume, use up, wear out, expend
kont-ar: (tr.) to count (add up)
kontakt-ar: (kun) to be in touch, have contact
konten-ar: to contain, hold
kontent-a: contented, satisfied
kontinu-a: continuous
kontor-o: bureau, office
kontre: (prep.) against, contrary to, versus
kontrol-ar: to check, verify
konven-ar: (intr/imp) (intr.) to suit, be fitting; (also impers.) be appropriate
konvers-ar: to converse
konvink-ar: to convince
kopi-ar: to copy, make a copy of
koqu-ar: (tr.) to cook
korb-o: basket
kord-o: line, string, cord, rope; (geom.) chord
kordi-o: heart (also fig.)
Kore-a: Korea
korekt-a: correct, right
korespond-ar: to correspond (relate or conform in character; communicate by letter)
korp-o: body (entire physical being; main part)
kostum-o: costume, dress, garb
koton-o: cotton
kovr-ar: to cover
koz-o: thing
krayon-o: pencil, crayon
kre-ar: to create
kred-ar: to believe (someone, something)
kresk-ar: (intr.) to grow
kri-ar: (intr.) to scream, cry out
kruc-o: cross
krud-a: raw, uncooked; crude, unworked (also fig.)
kruel-a: cruel
kuk-o: cake
kul-o: bottom (of an object)
kulier-o: spoon
kulp-ar: to be at fault, commit a fault, fail in one’s duty
kultel-o: knife
kultiv-ar: to cultivate (soil, plants, the mind, the arts, etc), till
kun: (prep.) with (in company with)
kun-e: together
kun-ven-ar: to meet, come together
kur-ar: to run
kurac-ar: to treat (medically)
kuraj-ar: to have the courage to
kurt-a: short, brief
kurv-a: curved, bent
kusen-o: cushion, pillow
kush-ar: (tr.) to lay down to rest, put to bed
kush-ar su: to lie down to rest, go to bed
kust-ar: (tr.) to cost, be bought for
kustum-ar: (tr.) to be accustomed to, be used to
kustum-o: custom, habit
kuz-o: cousin

L

la: the
labor-ar: (tr./intr.) to work (intr.), work (earth, iron, wood, etc)
lacer-ar: (tr.) to tear, rip; lacerate
lag-o: lake
lakrim-o: tear
lakt-o: milk
lamp-o: lamp
lan-o: wool
land-o: a country, a land
lang-o: tongue (anat. & tech.)
larj-a: broad, wide
las-ar: to let, allow; leave (behind)
last-a: last (in time or space)
later-o: side (geom., archit.)
laud-ar: to praise, laud
laut-a: loud (voice or sound)
lav-ar: (tr.) to wash; launder
lecion-o: lesson, lecture
led-a: ugly
ledr-o: leather
leg-o: law (natural, moral, social, legislative)
legum-o: vegetable
lejer-a: light (in weight or force)(fig.) not severe
lekt-ar: to read
lent-a: slow
lern-ar: to learn
letr-o: letter (correspondence)
lev-ar: to lift (up), raise
li: they, them
li-a: their, theirs
liber-a: free (from restraint), at liberty
libr-o: book
lig-ar: to tie, fasten, bind
lign-o: wood (the material)
limit-o: limit, bound(s)
line-o: line (geom., writing, genealogy, etc)
lingu-o: language
liquid-a: liquid
list-o: list
lit-o: bed (for sleeping; also fig. of a river etc)
liter-o: letter (of the alphabet)
liv-ar: (tr.) to leave, depart from (a place or person), quit
livr-ar: to deliver (goods, etc)
loj-ar: (intr.) to lodge, live (at a stated place)
lok-o: place, locality, spot
lokac-ar: to hire, rent
long-a: long (of time or space), tall
lor: (prep.) at the time of (an event), at the same time as
lor-e: then, at that time
lu: he, she, it (common gender form)
lu-a: his, her, hers, its
lud-ar: (intr.) (per) to play (in a game or sport)
lug-ar: to let, rent (out), hire (out)
lukt-ar: (intr.) (kontre) to wrestle; (fig.) struggle, strive
lum-ar: (intr.) to shine, give light (also fig.)
lum-o: light
lun-o: moon
lundi-o: Monday

M

ma: but
mal-a: bad; evil
malad-a: sick, ill, unwell
maleol-o: ankle
malgre: (prep.) despite, in spite of, notwithstanding
malgre ke: although, even though
mama: mom, mommy
mam-o: breast, mamma; udder
manier-o: manner, way of behaving or of doing anything
manj-ar: to eat, (fig.) consume
mank-ar: (intr.) to be lacking, be missing
manu-o: hand
map-o: map
mar-o: sea
march-ar: (intr.) to walk, step, tread; march
mardi-o: Tuesday
mariaj-ar: (tr.) to unite in wedlock, marry (others)
mark-o: mark, token, stamp
mart-o: March
mas-o: mass (body of matter)
mashin-o: machine, engine
maskul-a: male, masculine
mastik-ar: to chew, masticate
materi-o: material, matter, stuff (also fig.)
matin-o: morning, forenoon
matr-o: mother
matur-a: mature, ripe
maxim: (adv.) most (preceding an adjective or adverb)
may-o: May
me: I, me
me-a: my, mine
medicin-o: medicine (science, profession)
medik-o: physician, doctor (of medicine)
medikament-o: medicine (for an illness)
mem: (adv.) even, still (e-g. ‘mem hundi natas’ = even dogs swim)
membr-o: member (of a club, society, etc); limb (arm or leg)
memor-ar: (tr.) to remember, recollect
mencion-ar: to mention
ment-o: mind (n.)
menti-ar: to lie (tell an untruth)
menton-o: chin
merit-ar: to deserve, merit
merkat-o: market (public place for selling; also fig.)
merkurdi-o: Wednesday
mesaj-o: message
mestier-o: trade, craft, occupation (manual)
metal-o: metal
metod-o: method
metr-o: metre (measure; poetic)
mez-a: middle (adj.), median
mez-o: middle (n.), midst
mezur-ar: to measure; (land) survey
mez-valor-o: average
mi-: (pref.) semi-, hemi-, demi-
mikr-a: small, little
mil: thousand
mili-o: mile
miliard-o: a thousand million, a billion
milion-o: million
milit-ar: (intr.) (por, kontre) to make war, (fig.) militate
milit-o: war
min: (adv.) less (preceding an adjective or adverb)
minim: (adv.) least (preceding an adjective or adverb)
minus: (prep.) minus
minut-o: minute (of time or angle)
mis-: (pref.) mis- (see list of prefixes)
mix-ar: (tr.) to mix, blend; shuffle (cards)
mobl-o: piece of furniture
modern-a: modern
modest-a: modest (not pretentious or ostentatious; not presumptuous)
mol-a: soft, yielding easily to pressure; tender, mellow
monat-o: month
mond-o: world
monet-o: coin, cash, change
mont-o: mountain, mount
montr-ar: (tr.) to show
mord-ar: to bite (also fig.)
morg-e: tomorrow
mort-ar: to die (also fig., e-g. of fire, of a movement)
motiv-o: motive, reason; motif
motor-o: motor
mov-ar: (tr./intr.) to move, set in motion, propel
moyen-o: means (through which something is done)
mulier-o: woman
mult-a: many, much
mur-o: wall
must-ar: to have to (from necessity)
must-as: must (from need)
muton-o: sheep
muzik-ar: (intr.) to play music
muzik-o: music

N

nacion-o: nation
naiv-a: naive
nam: (konj.) for, since (conj.), seeing that
narac-ar: to narrate, tell (something that happened)
narac-o: narrative, story, account
nask-ar: (intr.) to be born
nat-ar: to swim
natur-o: nature (all senses)
nav-o: ship; nave (of a church)
naz-o: nose
ne: (adv.) not
ne-: (pref.) non- (see list of prefixes)
ne ja: not yet
ne plus: no longer
nebul-o: fog
neces-a: necessary
Nederland-o: Netherlands
neglij-ar: to neglect
nek … nek: neither … nor
net-a: clean, spotless; (of price) net, nett
ni: we, us
ni-a: our, ours
nigr-a: black
nihil-o: something non-existent, nonexistence, nil, nullity, void
nihil-ig-ar: to cancel
nilon-o: nylon
niv-ar: (imp.) to snow
no: no (opposite of yes)
noc-ar: (tr.) to harm, injure
nod-o: knot (in string, etc; unit of speed)
nokt-o: night
nom-o: name
nombr-o: number (indicating quantity; gram.)
non: nine
nord-o: north
norm-o: norm
Norvegi-a: Norway
not-ar: to note down, set down in writing
nov-a: new
Nov-Zeland-o: New Zealand
novembr-o: November
nuanc-o: nuance (of tone, meaning, colour etc)
nub-o: cloud
nul-a: no (adj.), not any
nul-o: nothing
nul-temp-e: never
nu:l-u: no-one, nobody
numer-o: number (indicating order or succession (not quantity); e-g. the number of a house or room)
nun: (adv.) now
nur: (adv) only (adv.)
nur-a: sole
nutr-ar: to nourish, feed
nutr-iv-o: nourishment, food

O

o: (= od) (konj.) or
o … o: (= od … od) (konj.) either … or
obedi-ar: (tr.) to obey
objecion-ar: (tr.) to object to, adduce as an objection to or reason against
objekt-o: object (tangible or visible; focus of thought or feelings)
oblivi-ar: to forget
observ-ar: to observe, watch carefully
obskur-a: obscure (all senses)
obstakl-o: obstacle, hindrance, impediment (also fig.)
obten-ar: to obtain, get
ocid-ar: to slay, kill with violence
od: (= o) (konj.) or
od … od: (= o … o) (konj.) either … or
odor-ar: (intr.) to smell (have a smell or scent)
odor-o: smell, scent, odour, (US) odor
ofic-o: office (position, function), post, duty
ofic-al-a: official
oficir-o: officer (military, naval; of an order)
ofr-ar: to offer, proffer
o:ft-a: repeated, frequent
oft-e: often
ok: eight
okazion-o: occasion, opportunity
oktobr-o: October
okul-o: eye
okup-ar: to occupy
ol: (= olu) (pron.) it
old-a: old (opposite of young)
ole-o: oil
oli: (pron.) they (those things)
olu: (pron.) it
olu-a: its
ombr-o: shadow, shade
omis-ar: to omit
omn-a: all, every (collective sense)
omn-i: all, everybody (collectively)
omn-o: everything
omn-u: everyone
on: (= onu) (pron.) one (someone), they (as used loosely)
ond-o: wave, swell (of water, also fig.)
onkl-o: uncle or aunt
onkl-in-o: aunt
onkl-ul-o: uncle
onu: (pron.) one (someone)
onu-a: one’s
onyon-o: onion
opinion-ar: to opine, hold an opinion
opinion-o: opinion
opoz-ar: to put (someone or something) in opposition, set opposite
or-o: gold
ordin-ar: to put in order, arrange (in proper order)
ordinar-a: ordinary, common
orel-o: ear
ost-o: bone
ov-o: egg
-oz-: (suf.) -ful, -ous (see list of suffixes)

P

pac-o: peace
pacient-a: patient (adj.)
paf-ar: to shoot (with a firearm)
pag-ar: (ulu ye ulo, ulo ad ulu) to pay (someone or something), pay for (something; also fig.)
pagin-o: page (of a book etc)
pak-o: bundle, package, parcel
pak-et-o: packet
pal-a: pale, pallid
palp-ar: to feel (by touch), feel about
pan-o: bread
pantalon-o: (long) trousers, (US) pants
papa: dad, daddy
paper-o: paper
par-o: pair, couple
pardon-ar: to forgive, pardon (s-o. or s-t.)
pari-ar: to bet
park-o: park (n.)
parol-ar: (intr.) (pri) to speak, talk
part-o: part, portion; part (in games, music etc)
partikular-a: particular, special, peculiar, specific
pas-ar: (tr./intr.) to pass (one’s life, time etc), pass (through, above, etc.)
pasabl-a: passable, fair, middling, mediocre
patr-o: father
pauz-ar: to pause
pavor-ar: (tr./intr.) to be (instinctively or emotionally) afraid (of)
paz-ar: to step, stride
paz-o: step, pace
pec-o: piece; lump (e-g. of sugar)
ped-o: foot (anat. & fig.); paw; foot (of verse)
pektor-o: chest, breast
pekuni-o: money, cash
pel-o: skin; hide (on the body)
pend-ar: (tr./intr.) to hang (up, down), dangle
pens-ar: (tr./intr.) to think
per: (prep.) by means of, by, with (some means)(arith.) multiplied by
perd-ar: to lose (something), lose out
perfekt-a: perfect
period-o: period
perman-ar: to be permanent, exist indefinitely
perman-ant-a: permanent
permis-ar: to permit, allow
person-o: person (also gram.)
persuad-ar: to persuade
pesk-ar: to fish, angle
petr-o: stone (material)
pez-ar: (intr.) to weigh (have a certain weight)
pikt.ar: to paint (pictures)
pikt-ur-o: painting, (painted) picture
plac-o: square (in a town), place, piazza
plad-o: plate (dish to eat off)
plafon-o: ceiling
plaj-o: beach
plan-a: flat, level, plane
plank-o: plank, board
plant-o: plant (bot.)
plantac-ar: to plant (seeds etc in the ground)
plas-o: place (for a person or thing), space for one
plat-a: (having an) even or flat (surface); (fig.) dull, flat
ple-ar: to play (a musical instrument, role in a play, etc)
plen-a: full
plend-ar: to complain; (jur.) lodge a complaint
plez-ar: (tr./intr.) to please, be pleasing
plezur-o: pleasure
plor-ar: to cry, weep
plu: (adv.) more (before an adj. or adv.)
plum-o: feather, plume; pen (for writing), quill
plunj-ar: (intr.) to dive, plunge
plur-a: several
plus: further(more), in addition; plus (arith.)
plus-a: additional, extra
pluv-ar: (imp.) to rain
po: (prep.) for, at the price of, in exchange for; per
pok-a: few, little
polic-o: maintenance of public order and security, policing
polit-a: polite, civil (in manner)
Polon-a: Polish
Poloni-a: Poland
polv-o: dust, powder
pom-o: apple
pont-o: bridge; culvert; gangplank, gangway (nav.)
popul-o: people (of a town, country etc), population
popular-a: popular
por: (prep.) for, on behalf of
pord-o: door; gate; doorway
pork-o: pig
port-ar: to carry, bear, take, bring (of person, vehicle, wind, water etc); wear (clothes, watch etc)
portu-o: port (sea or air), harbour, (US) harbor
Portugal: Portugal
pos: (prep.) after (in time)
pos-di-mez-o: afternoon
posed-ar: to possess
posh-o: pocket
posibl-a: possible
post-o: postal service, post, mail
postul-ar: to demand, require, exact (something from someone)
pot-o: pot, jug, pan (for holding something or for cooking)
pov-ar: to be able (to do something)
pov-as: can (v.)
povr-a: poor, needy
poz-ar: to place, put, set, lay down (lit. & fig.)
praktik-ar: to practise, (US) practice, put in practice, exercise; observe (a rule etc)
prec-o: price, charge (lit. & fig.)
precipu-a: main, principal
preciz-a: precise (not used of a person), exact, strictly defined or determined (e-g., preciza nombro)
prefer-ar: to prefer (like better)
preg-ar: (tr.) to pray; beg (s-o. for s-t.), beseech
pren-ar: to take, take hold of
prepar-ar: to prepare
pres-ar: to press
preske: (adv.) almost, nearly
prest-ar: to lend (s-t. to s-o.), loan
pretend-ar: (tr.) to claim (lay claim to)
preter: (prep.) past, beyond
prevent-ar: to prevent
prezent-a: present (here or now)
pri: (prep.) about, concerning, re
printemp-o: spring(time)
privat-a: private (adj.)
priz-ar: to appreciate, prize, value
prizent-ar: to present, set or place before
pro: (prep.) because of, owing to, out of, on account of
pro ke: (konj.) because
pro quo: why
prob-ar: to try out, attempt, test (something); assay
probabl-a: likely, probable
problem-o: problem
produkt-ar: to produce, bring forth
profesion-o: profession (occupational)
profit-ar: (tr.) to profit from, benefit from
profit-o: profit, benefit
profund-a: deep, profound; (fig.) abstruse
projet-ar: (tr.) to plan, form a project of
promen-ar: to (go for a) walk, stroll
promis-ar: to promise (something (to someone); to do something)
pront-a: ready, prepared
proporcion-o: proportion, ratio
propoz-ar: to propose (offer for consideration); propound; move (a resolution)
propr-a: own, proper, belonging (to)
propriet-ar: to own
protekt-ar: to protect
proviz-ar: to provide (s-o. with s-t.), supply
proxim: (prep.) near (to), close to (in time or space)
prudent-a: prudent, cautious
prunt-ar: to borrow
pruv-ar: to prove (truth or validity)
publik-a: public
puer-o: child (over 7 years of age)
puer-in-o: girl
puer-ul-o: boy
puls-ar: to push, thrust, impel; beat (e-g., heart), throb, pulsate
punis-ar: to punish
punt-o: point (geom., typo., games); full stop, (US) period (punctuation)
pur-a: pure

Q

qua: (pron.) who, what, which (refers to a definite person or thing, sing., interrog. & rel.)
quadrat-a: square (geom., arith.)
qual-a: what sort of, what kind of, what a, like
qual-e: how, as
quankam: (konj.) although, though
quant-a: how much, how many (adj.)
quar: four
quer-ar: to fetch
question-ar: to question (s-o.)
qui: who, which (plural, interrog. & rel.)
quik: (adv.) immediately. at once
quo: what, which (sing.; interrog. & rel.; used as an interrog. refers to something indefinite, e-g. ‘quo eventis?’ = what happened?)

R

rakont-ar: (tr.) to tell (a tale, a story)
rakont-o: tale, story
rang-o: row, tier, range; rank
rapid-a: fast, quick, rapid
rar-a: rare, unusual, infrequent
rar-e: seldom, rarely
real-a: real, actual
recent-a: recent
recev-ar: to receive
red-a: red
redakt-ar: to edit (a newspaper, journal etc)
reflekt-ar: (tr./intr.) to reflect (phys., mental, gram.)
refuz-ar: to refuse, decline
regard-ar: to regard (look at attentively)
region-o: region (all senses)
registr-o: register, record book; account book
regret-ar: to regret, be sorry about
regul-ar: to regulate (tech. & fig.)
reklam-ar: (tr.) to advertise
rekomend-ar: to recommend, commend
rekt-a: straight (not curved or crooked)
relat-ar: (tr.) to relate to; be connected to (by business etc)
remark-ar: (tr.) to notice
remplas-ar: to replace (take or be in the place of)
rendevu-ar: to rendezvous, have an appointment
renkontr-ar: to meet, encounter
repar-ar: to mend, repair, restore
repast-ar: (intr.) to have a meal, eat (a meal)
repast-o: meal
repet-ar: (tr.) to tell or say again, repeat (something said)
repoz-ar: to rest (take a rest), repose
repres-ar: to restrain, hold back, check, suppress, repress
rept-ar: to crawl, creep (also fig.)
respekt-ar: to respect
respir-ar: (tr./intr.) to breathe, respire
respond-ar: (tr./intr.) to reply, answer, respond
rest-ar: to remain, stay
reten-ar: to keep (back), retain, withhold; (arith.) carry
retro: (adv.) backwards, back
retro-: (pref.) re- (indicating return; see list of prefixes)
rev-ar: to day-dream
revenu-o: revenue; income
rezid-ar: to reside, dwell, live
rezist-ar: to resist, stand firm against, not yield to, withstand
rezult-ar: (de) to result, be the consequence
rich-a: rich (lit. & fig.)
rid-ar: to laugh
rid-et-ar: to smile
rigid-a: rigid, stiff, inflexible (lit. & fig.)
risk-ar: (tr.) to risk, hazard, venture
riv-o: shore, coast (by a sea); bank (of a river)
river-o: river, (large) stream
riz-o: rice
robinet-o: tap, cock, (US) faucet, spigot
rok-o: (a) rock, boulder
rol-o: role, rôle (theat. & gen.), part, character
rond-a: round (adj.)
rot-o: wheel
rud-a: rough (of things, persons, manners), uncouth, rude (lacking refinement)
rul-ar: (tr./intr.) to roll, roll along; roll (of a ship)
rupt-ar: (tr./intr.) to break, snap, rupture
rur-o: country (as opposed to town)
Rus-a: Russian
Rusi-a: Russia

S

sabl-o: sand
saj-a: wise, sensible
sak-o: sack, bag, pouch (also anat. & bot.)
salad-o: salad
salari-ar: to pay salary or wages to
salari-o: salary, wage(s)
salon-o: drawing room, parlour, (US) parlor
salt-ar: (intr.) to leap, jump, bound
salut-ar: to greet, salute
salut-o: greeting, salute
salv-ar: to save (from danger etc), rescue; salvage
sam-a: same
san-a: healthy, well; (fig.) sound
sandwich-o: sandwich
sang-o: blood
sapor-ar: (intr.) to taste (have a certain taste)
sapor-o: flavour, (US) flavor, taste
satisfac-ar: to fulfil or satisfy (a duty, expectation, promise); discharge (an obligation)
saturdi-o: Saturday
sav-ar: to know (by learning), have a knowledge of, know how (to do s-t.)
se: (konj.) if
sed-o: bottom (of the body), backside
segun: (prep.) according to
sek-ar: to make a cut in, cut partially through; section (divide into sections)
sekret-a: secret
sekund-o: second (of time or angle)
sekur-a: safe, secure
selekt-ar: to choose, select
sem-ar: to sow (lit. & fig.), scatter seeds
seman-o: week
sembl-ar: (intr.) to seem, appear (to be)
sempr-e: (adv.) always
sen: (prep.) without
senc-o: sense, meaning
send-ar: to send, cause to go
sent-ar: to feel (a sensation)
sentiment-o: sentiment, mental feeling, emotional attitude
sep: seven
separ-ar: (tr.) to separate, part
septembr-o: September
sequ-ar: to follow (lit. & fig.)
serch-ar: to seek, look for, search for
seri-o: series, row, file, queue
serioz-a: serious, grave (not frivolous, not trivial)
serur-o: lock (for fastening)
serv-ar: (tr./intr.) to serve, be of service to
sever-a: severe, stern, harsh, strict
sezon-o: season (of the year)
sfer-o: sphere
sham-ar: (intr.) to be ashamed
sham-o: shame (the emotion)
shok-ar: to strike against; shock (mentally)
shok-o: shock (physical or mental), impact
shu-o: shoe
shultr-o: shoulder
sid-ar: to sit (be sitting)(fig.) lie, reside (of things)
sign-o: sign (natural or artificial), mark (indication)
signifik-ar: to mean, signify
sik-a: dry (adj.)
silk-o: silk
simil-a: similar, like, alike
simpl-a: simple, uncomplicated, not complex; plain, unadorned
sincer-a: sincere
singl-a: each
singl-u: each one (person), each (pron.)
sinistr-a: left (adj.), left-hand, (nav.) port
sink-ar: (tr./intr.) to sink, settle, subside
sior-o: sir (or madam)
sior-in-o: Mrs, Miss, madam, lady (woman)
sior-ul-o: Mr, sir, gentleman (man)
sis: six
sitel-o: pail, bucket
situ-ar: to site, place, locate, seat
siz-ar: to seize, grab; (fig.) grasp (e-g. an opportunity)
skol-o: school (educational establishment; group of disciples)
skop-o: aim, objective, purpose, goal, target
Skot-a: Scottish
Skoti-a: Scotland
skrap-ar: to scrape (off), abrade
skrib-ar: to write, write out
soci-o: society (in general), community (people in a locality)
soci-et-o: society (club)
sol-a: alone
soldat-o: soldier
solid-a: solid (not liquid; geom.)(fig.) firm, sound
solv-ar: to solve (a problem etc); loosen (of a solute)
somer-o: summer
somit-o: summit (highest point)
son-ar: (intr.) to sound (emit a sound), strike (of a clock)
sonj-ar: to dream (while asleep)
sordid-a: dirty, sordid, soiled; (fig.) nasty, foul
sorg-ar: to take care of, look after
sort-o: sort, kind
sovaj-a: wild, savage (untamed)(fig.) fierce
spac-o: space
spec-o: species; (fig.) kind
spegul-o: mirror
spens-ar: to spend, expend (money, effort etc)
splendid-a: splendid, magnificent
spoli-ar: to rob, plunder, loot, despoil, pillage
sport-o: sport
spoz-o: spouse
spoz-in-o: wife
spoz-ul-o: husband
stac-ar: (intr.) to stand (upright)
stacion-o: station (place, building)
stal-o: steel
stand.ar: to be (well, ill etc; e-g., quale vu standas? = how are you?)
stand-o: state (of being), condition
stat-o: state (political)
stel-o: star (all senses)
stipul-ar: (tr.) to stipulate
stof-o: fabric, cloth, stuff
ston-o: pebble, small stone
strad-o: street
stranj-a: strange, odd
stranjer-a: foreign, not native; (fig.) extraneous
strek-o: dash (written), stroke; (geom.) straight line
stret-a: narrow
student-o: student, undergraduate
studi-ar: (tr./intr.) to study (s-t., about s-t.)
stul-o: chair (seat with a back)
stult-a: foolish, silly
stult-o: fool
sturm-ar: (intr.) to be stormy (with thunder & lightning)
su: (reflex. pron., 3rd person, sing. or plur.) herself, himself, itself, oneself, themselves
su-a: her own, his own, its own, one’s own, their own
sub: (prep.) under, beneath, below
subit-a: sudden
subjekt-o: subject (gram., log.)
substantiv-o: noun
suces-ar: to succeed (be successful)
suci-ar: (tr.) to be concerned or anxious about, care about
sud-o: south
Sued-a: Swedish
Suedi-a: Sweden
sufic-ar: to suffice, be sufficient
sufl-ar: (tr./intr.) to blow, blow upon; prompt (theatre); huff (draughts, checkers)
sufr-ar: (tr./intr.) (de, pro) to suffer (from), be afflicted (with)
sug-ar: to suck
sugest-ar: to suggest, intimate
Suis-a: Swiss
Suisi-a: Switzerland
suk-o: juice
sukr-o: sugar
sul-o: soil
sun-o: sun
sundi-o: Sunday
sup-o: soup
supe-ar: to eat supper, take the midnight meal
super: (prep.) over, above (also fig.)
suport-ar: to support (lit., fig.), bear the weight of
supoz-ar: to suppose, assume (take for granted)
supr-a: top (highest up in space or degree)
supr-e: on top, on high, aloft; (fig.) upstairs
sur: (prep.) on, upon, on top of; (arith.) divided by
surfac-o: surface, outside; (fig.) appearance
surpriz-ar: to surprise, take unawares
surtut-o: overcoat, greatcoat
suspekt-ar: to suspect, distrust

T

ta: (= ita) that, those (adj.)
tabel-o: flat surface for writing etc.; table (of data)
tabl-o: table (furniture)
tabul-o: shelf
tal-a: such (of that kind), such like
tal-e: so, in such a manner, thus
tam … kam: as … as (e-g., tam granda kam)
tamen: (konj.) however, nevertheless
tandem: at last, finally
tant-a: so much, so many
tant-e: so (followed by an adjective or adverb)
tapis-o: carpet (or similar floor covering)
tard-a: late, tardy
tas-o: cup
task-o: task, job
te-o: tea (leaves; infusion)
ted-ar: to bore; (fig.) weary
tekt-o: roof; top (of car or carriage)
telefon-ar: to call, phone, telephone
tem-o: topic, subject, theme
temp-o: time (duration); tense (of a verb); tempo (mus.)
ten-ar: to hold
tenebr-o: (the) dark, darkness, gloom
tens-ar: (tr.) to strain (draw taut), stretch, tense (also fig.); cock (a gun); wind up (a clock)
tent-ar: to tempt, entice
ter-o: earth; Earth
ter-pom-o: potato
teror-ar: (intr.) to be terrified, be (badly) frightened
teror-o: terror, fright
text-o: text
ti: (= iti) those (pron.), those ones
til: (prep.) until, till (in time); to, up to, as far as (in space)
tim-ar: to fear (for a reason), be apprehensive
tip-o: type (print., med., nat. hist.); conceptual model having traits characteristic of a group
tir-ar: to pull, draw, tug; draw (of chimneys)
titul-o: title (of a book, article, person, etc)
to: (= ito) that (pron.), that thing
toler-ar: to tolerate, put up with, endure
tomat-o: tomato
tondr-ar: (imp/intr) to thunder (also fig.)
tondr-o: thunder
tord-ar: to twist, wring, contort; sprain; warp (wood)
tot-a: whole, entire
tra: (prep.) through
traduk-ar: (de … ad) to translate (from one language to another)
trahiz-ar: to betray
trakt-ar: to deal with, behave toward, treat, handle (a person or subject)
tranch-ar: to cut through, cut off; carve, cut up
tranquil-a: still, tranquil, quiet (physically or mentally)
trans: (prep.) on the other side of, beyond, across
transport-ar: to transport, convey
tre: (adv.) very
trem-ar: (pro, de) to tremble, shake, shiver; flutter (of wings); quaver (music); flicker (light)
tren-o: train (railway)
tri: three
trist-a: sad, doleful (of persons or things)
tro: (adv.) too (followed by an adjective or adverb)
tromp-ar: to deceive
trov-ar: to find, come across
tru-o: hole
trubl-ar: to disturb, trouble
trup-o: band (company of people having a common purpose), troup; herd, flock
tu: thou, you (familiar form of ‘you’, like French ‘tu’, German ‘du’)
tu-a: thy, thine, your (see ‘tu’)
tub-o: tube, pipe
tuk-o: (piece of) cloth
tur-o: tour
turb-o: crowd, throng
turk-a: Turkish
Turki-a: Turkey
turn-ar: (tr./intr.) to turn (around an axis), turn around
tush-ar: to touch (physically)

U

ube: (adv.) where
ucel-o: bird
ul-a: any, some (indeterminite)
ul-a.lok-e: somewhere
ul-o: something
ul-u: anyone, someone
ultr-e: (prep.) besides
un: one (1)
un-esm-a: first
un-foy-e: one time, once
union-ar: (tr.) to unite (join together in purpose)
urb-o: town, (US) city
urj-ar: to be urgent
urs-o: bear
Us-an-a: American (of the USA)
Us-a: USA
utensil-o: tool, implement, utensil
util-a: useful
uz-ar: to use, employ (make use of)

V

vagon-o: railway carriage, car (railway)
vakanc-ar: to have (or, be on) a holiday or (US) vacation
vaku-a: empty, void, vacuous
val-o: valley, vale, dale
valid-a: valid
valor-ar: (tr.) to be worth, be equal in value to
van-a: futile, fruitless, vain
vang-o: cheek
vanitat-o: vanity (conceit)
vapor-o: steam, vapour, (US) vapor
var-o: ware, commodity; (vari) goods
vari-ar: (tr./intr.) to vary, change (in amount or intensity)
varm-a: warm (also fig.)
vars-ar: (tr.) to pour (out); spill; shed (blood, etc)
vart-ar: to await, wait for
vast-a: vast, extensive
veh-ar: to go or travel in a vehicle (ride, sail, drive or fly)
vek-ar: (intr.) to wake, awaken (emerge from sleep)
vek-ig-ar: (tr.) to rouse, wake
ven-ar: to come
vend-ar: to sell
venen-o: poison, venom (also fig.)
venerdi-o: Friday
vent-o: wind
ver-a: true (not false)
verb-o: verb
verd-a: green
verk-o: work (literary, artistic etc)
vers: (prep.) toward(s), in the direction of
vesper-o: evening
vest-o: garment, item of clothing
veston-o: jacket (man’s)
veter-o: weather
vetur-o: vehicle (wheeled)
vex-ar: to annoy, irritate, vex
vi: you (plural)
vi-a: your(s) (plural)
vice: (prep.) instead of
vicin-a: neighbouring, (US) neighboring
vicin-o: neighbour, (US) neighbor
vid-ar: to see
vilaj-o: village
vink-ar: to conquer, defeat, overcome (an enemy, competitor or obstacle), win
vintr-o: winter
violent-ar: (tr.) to use violence on
violent-o: violence; force (in law)
vir-o: man (male adult person)
vitr-o: glass (the material)
viv-ar: (tr./intr.) to live, be alive
viv-o: life
viz-ar: (tr./intr.) to aim at (a target, etc); take aim
vizaj-o: face (of a person), visage
vizit-ar: to visit
voc-o: voice (also gram.)(fig.) expression of opinion
vok-ar: (tr./intr.) to call (for attention or ask to come), summons
vol-ar: (tr.) to want (to), have a will (to)
vort-o: word (written or spoken)
voy-o: way, road, track, route
voyaj-ar: (intr.) to travel, voyage
vu: you (sing.)
vu-a: your(s) (sing.)
vund-ar: to wound

W

Wals: Wales
west-o: west

Y

ya: indeed, truly (used for emphasis)
yar-o: year
ye: (prep.) at, by (preposition used when no other fits the meaning)
yen: here is/are, there is/are (e-g., ‘yen la ucelo!’)
yes: yes
yun-a: young (adj.)
yur-o: right (legal or moral)
yust-a: just, fair, equitable

Z

zon-o: girdle, belt, waistband, sash; zone